Intercultural Human Rights Law Review

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Organ trafficking is the recruitment, transport, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by means of force, fraud, coercion, abduction, positions of vulnerability and exploitation, with the purpose being the removal of their organ(s) for transplantation. Currently, organ trafficking is affecting countries such as China, Mexico, Kosovo, South Africa, Mozambique, India, the Unites States, and Israel. These countries each play different roles in organ trafficking; some serve as countries of origin, others are destination countries, and a few are both origin and destination countries. This article will examine (1) the history of organ trafficking and how it takes place, and (2) why organ trafficking is a growing problem and how its increased demand is exasperating the problem. This article will also (3) analyze the legal responses to combating organ trafficking, (4) make predictions about how current United States legislation will be implemented and enforced to prevent organ trafficking, and (5) recommend how to combat organ trafficking by creating alternative methods to legally obtain organs.

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