Intercultural Human Rights Law Review

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Hailed as the most innovative and unique human rights monitoring mechanism at the United Nations, the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process promises to promote and protect the universality of all human rights issues and concerns in an objective, universal, and transparent manner. With the interactive dialogue session being at the heart of the review, coupled with the possibility of peer States potentially raising any international human rights norm to hold States accountable, there is a possible challenge to the universality of human rights norms, vocalized by State representatives when certain contentious issues are raised during State reviews. This paper explores the issue of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and the extent of the normative claim of universality of international human rights, challenging State reviews in the first cycle of the UPR process.

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